Break The Blade

Female Genital Mutilation

Female Genital Mutilation is the practice, traditional in some cultures, of partially or totally removing the external genitalia of girls and young women for non-medical reasons. The practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is common. The procedures are generally performed by a traditional circumciser (cutter or exciseuse) in the girls' homes, with or without anaesthesia.

The cutter is usually an older woman, but in communities where the male barber has assumed the role of health worker he will perform FGM too. When traditional cutters are involved, non-sterile devices are likely to be used, including knives, razors, scissors, glass, sharpened rocks and fingernails. It's also known as "female circumcision". FGM violates a person's rights to health , security and physical integrity , the right to be free from torture and cruel inhuman or degrading treatment.

Some people has undergone fgm and has passed through lots of pain: Click here to watch video Watch

These are the types of fgm

  • Types of FGM
  • Clitoridectomy: involves removal of the clitoris, part of all of the labia...

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  • Excision: Excision involves the partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora. This takes place with or without removal of the labia majora...

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  • Infibulation: It is the most severe form of Girl’s legs bound after fgm type III female genital mutilation/cutting...

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  • Type Iv: This refers to all other harmful procedures carried out on the female genitalia for purposes that are not...

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Implication of Female Genital Mutilation

These are the implications of Female Genital Mutilation

  1. Bleeding: This happens after a girl has been mutilated and a part in the genitalia is cut opened , this can lead to severe or excessive bleeding which can lead to death.

  2. Infections: This is caused by instruments used to mutilate the girls making use of unsterilized instruments used for different people and if someone is mutilated with an infected instrument such person may be infected.

  3. Urinary Problem:This is commonly known as VVF(Vesicovagina Fistula).After the girl has been mutilated,there will be a large opening between the bladder and the vagina causing an abnormal discharge of urine that will result in an unconscious perspiration of the girl child.

  4. Anaemia:It will result in a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.

Solutions to FGM

Here are the possible solutions to fgm:
  1. Education:Teaching teachers and doctors what signs to look for and how to respond to it sensitively.

  2. Cultural Intervention:Cultural intervention survivors telling their stories to their own community laws and policies.

  3. Enforcing Consequences: When fgm is carried out and making policy changing that further deter the practice.

  4. Public Enlightenment: Having public seminars to Enlighten people about fgm